Hyperpigmentation is darkened areas of the skin due to sun damage or inflammation. This is caused by excessive production of melanin (the pigment that produces darker color in the skin).
One reason for hyperpigmentation is sun exposure. UV rays stimulate melanocytes that produce melanin to protect the skin from damage. In addition, melanocyte regulation becomes weak with age–this is why elder individuals have sun spots and other skin pigmentations. Other factors, such as chemotherapy drugs, pregnancy and endocrine diseases can increase the production of melanin as well. Other skin conditions can cause hyperpigmentation, too.
Symptoms of Hyperpigmentation
As the name suggests, hyperpigmentation causes the skin to darken. This condition can occur in small patches or over large areas of the body, sometimes even the entire body. Freckles, sun spots, and melasma are all examples of hyperpigmentation.
Melasma commonly develops during pregnancy and are most common on the abdomen and face. Sunspots are caused by excessive sun exposure, and thus appear on areas frequently exposed to the sun, such as the hands and face.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) is usually caused by acne, physical trauma, botched skin treatment and other types of skin inflammation. This type of hyperpigmentation is mainly focal and caused by occur on the back of the neck or under armpits.
We use today’s most advanced technology to remove the tell-tale signs of sun exposure, including the Alex TriVantage® Laser.*
The Alex TriVantage Laser is a PDL, or pulsed light laser, to help completely remove tattoos and pigmented lesions.* One of the most advanced new improvements this laser offers patients is the ability to treat specific problem areas through a long-pulse 755 nm wavelength without seeing unwanted pigment changes in the surrounding skin tissue.* The gentle yet effective laser has the ability to treat a wide range of skin tones and colors, making it a great choice for almost every patient.*
Should I seek medical care?
Hyperpigmentation is usually not harmful, but can be a symptom of another medical condition.* If you are not sure what causes hyperpigmentation on your skin, you should seek help from a dermatologist.
*Disclaimer, results may vary from person to person.